Celebrating AAPI Month

Centering AAPI Voices in Breastfeeding Advocacy

As we celebrate Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month (AAPI), HealthConnect One is highlighting the impactful work of To-wen Tseng, who has dedicated her career to centering AAPI voices in her breastfeeding advocacy. To-wen is a mother, journalist, author, and activist. She has been a key voice for the AAPI community in the breastfeeding world, serving as a long-time Volunteer Blogger at San Diego County Breastfeeding Coalition, and more recently, an Elected Director on the United States Breastfeeding Committee. She co-founded the API Breastfeeding Task Force in 2017 and then Asian American Native Hawaiian and Asian Pacific Islander (AANHPI) Breastfeeding Week in 2021.  

In collaboration with HealthConnect One’s First Food Equity Project, To-wen and her team led a Baby Cafè at DeDe Diner. Their mission was to combat stigma, decrease inequities and normalize breast/chestfeeding in Los Angeles County’s Asian and Pacific Islander communities by improving education and support practices. To-wen shares that the “social stigma, coupled with lack of resources, have hindered Asian parents’ ability to successfully breastfeed. Data shows nearly 50% of Asian Americans in San Gabriel Valley, the home to the largest Asian population in Los Angeles County, are limited English proficient, and less than 6% of lactation professionals in Los Angeles County speak an Asian language. Additionally, prenatal medical visits offer little breastfeeding education using language or culture-appropriate materials.” It is important to recognize the unique cultural and linguistic needs of AAPI families, which their Baby Cafè hoped to do. To-wen shares that they simply could not have an “API Baby Cafè,” because API is a very diverse population. They decided to center the most under-served group and with their community partner, BreastfeedLA , chose the Filipino population. Dede means breastfeeding in Tagalog, the native language of the Philippines. 

To-wen wants to remind people that while we tend to group all the AANHPI people together, “it is actually a very diverse, or I might as well say very divided, group. A record 22 million API Americans trace their roots to more than East and Southeast Asian countries and the Indian subcontinent, each with unique histories, cultures, languages and other characteristics. In many cases, they disagree with one another. In some extreme cases, they even hate one another. Please keep that in mind and don’t assume things when you work with API families.”  

Infant Formula Crisis Resources

We are currently facing an infant formula crisis. There is a severe shortage of formula, and children are going hungry. ALL babies deserve to be safely and adequately fed. As the United States grapes with this crisis, we know that Black, Brown, and Indigenous communities facing marginalization may be particularly affected by this crisis. 

HealthConnect One is an advocate for chest/breastfeeding and actively supports promoting First Food Equity through peer-to-peer support. However, we cannot ignore that there are families with social, economic, and physical barriers that prevent them from exclusively breastfeeding/chestfeeding their babies.

We recognize the deep racial disparities in advancing breastfeeding intention, initiation, and duration. We recognize the importance of access to peer-to-lactation support that can help parents who may be interested in relactation or accessing milk banks. Ultimately, we realize that what parents need right now is information on how to get their baby fed safely, without SHAME.  

We hope to provide information to families who need to feed their babies during this formula crisis.

Shareable Graphics and Toolkits

Breastfeeding USA graphic Tips for the Formula Shortage 

Factsheets & Advisories

White House FACT SHEET: President Biden Announces Additional Steps to Address Infant Formula Shortage

Health and Human Services Fact Sheet: Helping Families Find Formula During the Infant Formula Shortage 

FDA Advisory to Not Make or Feed Homemade Infant Formula to Infants

Questions & Answers for Consumers Concerning Infant Formula

Abbott Recall Notice: U.S./Puerto Rico


→ United Way’s 2-1-1 dial 2–1-1 to be connected to a community resource specialist affiliated with United Way who may be able to help you identify food pantries and other charitable sources of local infant formula and baby food.

→ Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA): certain HMBANA-accredited milk banks distribute donated breast milk to mothers in need; please note that some may require a prescription from a medical professional. Find an HMBANA-accredited milk bank

HealthChildren.Org: With the baby formula shortage, what should I do if I can’t find any?

Take Action

→ Donate cans of liquid formula to places like pediatricians’ offices, Head Start Centers, and Churches so that these items can get directly in the hands of folk who need it most.

Sign a Petition to President Biden to Take Action to Address the Formula Emergency 

Reflecting on National Breastfeeding Month: #NBM21 in Review

As National Breastfeeding Month comes to a close today, we reflect on the activities and learnings on promoting breastfeeding intention, initiation, and duration during the month of August 2021. From the first-ever National Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Breastfeeding Week to Black Mothers Breastfeeding Association’s Michigan Community-Based Doula Summit, we are inspired by the stories of resilience, support, and cultural preservation to strengthen breastfeeding across communities.

Our highlights from National Breastfeeding Month include:

  • The Chicago Regional Breastfeeding Taskforce Baby Shower celebrating World Breastfeeding Week on August 7th,
    where HealthConnect One provided baby supplies and information on COVID-19 vaccines and pregnancy/lactation.
  • #FoodFri Twitter Chat on Breastfeeding/Chestfeeding + Food Health, led by Moms Rising on August 13th. View the full conversation here.
  • Completion of Breastfeeding Advocate Training with Cohort 1 The training, a major component of the First Food Equity Project supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, will train close to 100 Black, Brown, and Indigenous individuals serving birthing communities of color. Learn more here.
Breastfeeding Advocate Training for Cohort 1
  • Op-Ed on Why We Need A Black Breastfeeding Week by LaBrisa Williams, the Executive Director of the Tulsa Birth Equity Initiative, a HealthConnect One community-based doula replication site. 
  • LacationLegislation Instagram Live on Ausgust 25th we kicked off #BlackBreastfeedingWeek with a conversation on the impact of legislation on lactation for Black birthing people with Tina Sherman of MomsRising.
  • Breastfeeding Engagement During the Pandemic Twitter Chat on August 26th we discussed Breastfeeding Engagement and Support During the Pandemic alongside our partnersBlack Mothers Breastfeeding Association, Chicago Regional Breastfeeding Taskforce, Reaching our Sisters Everywhere, and the Northeast Mississippi Birthing Project. Read the full conversation here.
  • Lactation Across Borders Roundtable Discussion to close out National Breastfeeding Month we held a roundtable discussion on “Lactation Across Borders: Breastfeeding and Lactation Culture and Practice within Immigrant Communities.” During thediscussion, panelists working with immigrant communities across America to strengthen their maternal and child health outcomes shared their insights on supporting breastfeeding within these communities. Replay will be avaiblae soon here.

Post image credit: Black and Brown Breastfeeding Week Denver Facebook Page

Further Reading

Op-ed "Why We Need a Black Breastfeeding Week" at the top, with an image of the author at the bottom.

Op-ed: Why We Need a Black Breastfeeding Week

August is National Breastfeeding Month, and in the U.S., there’s also a time to commemorate and uplift Black Breastfeeding Week during the last week of the month. As with many similar commemorations, some might question the need for a separate event based on race. All babies can benefit from breastfeeding. Why the need for Black Breastfeeding Week?

Let me answer that question with one word: history. As a Tulsa, Oklahoma native, I’ve spent the months since the 100th anniversary of my hometown’s race massacre considering how tragedies in our past shape our present when it comes to healthcare in America.

Some of my work as Executive Director of the Tulsa Birth Equity Initiative focuses on helping communities understand our history and how we got to this place in our healthcare journey. It’s my job to increase access to Birth Workers of color as a way to address health inequities in Tulsa and build healthier families. 

Health and employment disparities in medical care

Black Breastfeeding Week organizers highlight that 75% of white women have breastfed versus only 58.9% of Black women, with a lack of diversity in the lactation field identified as a key part of the issue. Sadly, health disparities we see today are the result of decades of Black loss and missed opportunities for justice.

For many women, much of the first practical advice they receive around breastfeeding comes in a healthcare setting, at a clinic, or in the hospital shortly after delivery. Though advice and guidance from trusted family and friends is crucial, any problems or deficits are usually diagnosed by a doctor, midwife, or nurse.

For Black women, the chances that this medical practitioner will be a person of color are slim. As of 2019, only 2.6% of the nation’s doctors identified as Black or African-American, and in 2020 these groups accounted for a mere 7.3% of students enrolled in medical school. 

But do you know why these numbers are so low? Some might conclude that Black Americans can’t cut it in higher education, or they simply don’t choose to study medicine at the same rate. History tells a different story.

For example, have you ever heard of The Flexner Report? Also referred to as “Medical Education in the United States and Canada,” it was published in 1910 by American educator Abraham Flexner, with backing from the Carnegie Foundation. The Flexner Report has been credited for transforming and standardizing medical education. It called for significant improvements to medical education, higher admission standards, adherence to scientific methods in research and practice, and oversight by state licensure boards.

Racist beliefs in Flexner Report led to lack of Black hospitals, doctors

However, while it may have helped standardize medical care, The Flexner Report exacted a steep cost for medical schools without the funds to implement the changes.

Five of seven medical schools committed to educating Black physicians closed as a result of The Flexner report. A study published in August 2020 estimated that if those five schools had remained open, an additional 35,315 Black physicians would have entered the workforce in the years that followed, producing a 29% increase in the number of graduating African-American physicians in 2019 alone.

In addition, the medical schools that remained opened were unlikely to admit Black students due to Flexner’s beliefs about Black people and their role in medical education. In November of 2020, The Association of American Medical Colleges renamed their prestigious Abraham Flexner award due to his racist and sexist ideologies. In Chapter 14 of The Flexner Report, titled “The Medical Education of the Negro,” Flexner states that Black people should be trained in sanitation because he believed, “A well-taught negro sanitarian will be immensely useful; an essentially untrained negro wearing an M.D. degree is dangerous,” Flexner wrote.

Where did this lead? A report published in June 2020 by the Association of American Medical Colleges predicts a worsened doctor shortage of between 54,100 and 193,000 by 2033.

Changing outcomes

This all equals bad outcomes for Black patients. We know that a diverse workforce, training, and cultural competence are essential aspects of quality healthcare. Studies confirm that communities of color benefit from being seen by doctors of color.

The foundation of the U.S. Medical system was never intended to address our needs, support our families, repair our wounds and nurture our children. In other words, the system works beautifully for the people it was designed to support, and everybody else is on their own. Many people will overlook the role Abraham Flexner played in shaping the trajectory of the physician workforce, but if we continually fail to examine these lessons, we will struggle to move forward.

To solve a problem, we have to understand it. The Flexner Report may not be as violent as many of the historic crimes committed against Black people. Yet, its implications are still being felt today in ways both obvious and subtle, from the shortage of Black doctors to the appalling Black maternal mortality rate.

As we consider the solutions, it will take reflection and discomfort if we want to get at the nuances of the inequities we see today. So, yes, we need a Black Breastfeeding Week and so much more.

This op-ed was written by LaBrisa Williams, the Executive Director of the Tulsa Birth Equity Initiative, a HealthConnect One community-based doula replication site. LaBrisa is a 2021 Aspen Institute Healthy Communities Fellow. This article was originally published in The Black Wall Street Times.

Lactation Across Borders

National Breastfeeding Month | Roundtable Discussion


Date: August 30th | Time: 2:00 PM EST | ZOOM Webinar

The declining health status of immigrant groups through generations is varied and complex, as are the breastfeeding practices and available support across communities.

To close out National Breastfeeding Month, HealthConnect One is hosting a roundtable discussion on “Lactation Across Borders: Breastfeeding and Lactation Culture and Practice within Immigrant Communities.”

During this discussion, panelists working with immigrant communities across America to strengthen their maternal and child health outcomes will share their insights on supporting breastfeeding within these communities.


Charlene McGee | REACH Program Manager @Multnomah County Health Department
Charlene McGee, MPA serves as the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) Program Manager. REACH is a five-year funded program by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to address chronic disease xc. In this capacity, she leads targeted policy, systems, environmental and communication strategies to redress chronic disease disparities and informs division-wide goals, monitors program performance, and assess outcomes to eliminate health disparities and cultivate a culture of Black Health for Multnomah County Black and African immigrant residents. A self-proclaimed Liberian-Oregonian, Charlene’s experience as a survivor of the Liberian civil war and a Black immigrant has heavily influenced her career trajectory. Her career spans more than 20 years, serving in a variety of roles

To-wen Tseng | Volunteer Blogger @San Diego County Breastfeeding Coalition
To-wen Tseng is a TV reporter turned independent journalist and author. She writes about parenting, education, and family lifestyle for a variety of publications. She is an award-winning blogger and has authored six books. To-wen is also a passionate breastfeeding activist. She received a rude awakening when returning to her previous newsroom after giving birth to her first child in 2013 and was denied breastfeeding rights, which eventually resulted in her separation from that company. Since that experience, To-wen has dedicated her career to advocating for family-friendly policy and gender equity at the workplace and speaking out about breastfeeding barriers in Asian-American communities and beyond. She writes for San Diego County Breastfeeding Coalition and MomsRising; co-founded API Breastfeeding Task Force and AANHPI Breastfeeding Week.

Monica Esparza | Executive Director @New Mexico Breastfeeding Task Force
Monica Esparza is currently the Executive Director of the New Mexico Breastfeeding Task Force. She is a trained CLC and Community Interpreter who previously served families as a breastfeeding peer counselor for more than 10 years, providing peer-to-peer support to lactating families through the WIC program both individually and in the hospital setting. She participated as a Leader in the Health Connect One Birth Leadership Academy and the NM Women of Color Leaders in Non-profit. She has served on different boards and currently sits on the National College of Midwifery Board. As a Mexican, Immigrant woman living in the south valley of Albuquerque, she brings a grassroots community approach and an equity lens into her work. She understands the importance of centering families and BIPOC communities in everything that we do. She enjoys hiking and gardening with her husband and 2 children.

Maya Jackson | Executive Director @MAAME, Inc.
Maya Jackson is a mother, community organizer, breastfeeding advocate, full-spectrum doula, and the founder and Executive Director of MAAME, Inc. (Mobilizing African American Mothers through Empowerment). A native of Durham, North Carolina, she graduated from North Carolina Central University, where she received a Bachelor of Science in Sociology. She has over ten years of working in nonprofit leadership in the arts and public health. In 2018 Maya became a birth doula and Milky Mommas International Lactation Peer Counselor. She eventually founded and launched MAAME, Inc. MAAME, a community-rooted maternal health organization whose mission is to support Black and other birthing people of color. This fall, Jackson will begin working towards her MPH and MBA at Benedictine University.

Stevie Merino
Stevie Merino is a community organizer, mom, anthropologist, birthworker, and proud islander woman–CHamoru (Guam) & Boricua (Puerto Rico). Much of Stevie’s work has been in efforts to uplift the voices of Pacific Islanders, who are often afterthoughts in discussions, resources, and invitations to the table. Stevie’s research in anthropology focuses on Pacific Islander birth traditions and birth disparities specifically on Chamorro’s in Southern California. Stevie presents her research at various academic conferences around the country, where she centers the experience and voices of Pacific Islanders that are often left out of these spaces. She is the co-creator & trainer of The Birth Workers of Color Collective and Long Beach doula of Color training. Stevie holds various positions in the community and in academia, including holding the Gender Equity Seat for the American Anthropological Association Members Programmatic Advisory and Advocacy Committee.

COVID-19 Vaccines & Pregnancy/Lactation

COVID-19 continues to affect Black, brown and indigenous people disproportionately. Mistrust of the medical system, misinformation about the virus, and poor COVID-19 management, make it unsurprising that our communities have less trust in the vaccine. 

The only way to fight this virus and save our communities is by providing pregnant people and parenting families with the information they need to stay safe and make an informed decision about the COVID-19 vaccine. 

COVID-19 Vaccines & Pregnancy/Lactation

Pregnant and lactating people can receive the COVID-19 vaccine. A conversation with your healthcare provider may assist you in making your decision but is not required to obtain the vaccine.

You can speak with your healthcare provider to help you decide whether to receive a vaccine.
Note: a conversation with your healthcare provider may be helpful, but it is not required before vaccination.

Getting vaccinated prevents severe illness, hospitalizations, and death. Unvaccinated people should get vaccinated and continue masking until they are fully vaccinated. With the Delta variant, this is more urgent than ever. The Center for Disease Control & Prevention has updated guidance for fully vaccinated people based on new evidence on the Delta variant.

Reports have shown that lactating people who have received COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have antibodies in their breastmilk, which could help protect their babies.

Preliminary data indicate that COVID-19 vaccines don’t increase the risk of pregnancy-related adverse outcomes. For more information, please read this article in the New England Journal of Medicine and visit the Health Feedback website.

Share this information with the pregnant, lactating, and parenting families you love, work with, and serve. It might save a life!

Resources on COVID-19 Vaccines & Pregnancy/Lactation

COVID Collaborative: Get COVID Answers: Questions & Answers About COVID-19 Vaccines | The Ad Council (getvaccineanswers.org)

Vaccine Factsheets: Vaccines: COVID-19

Visit the Birthing People Bill of Rights for details on how to support birthing people during the COVID-19 pandemic.

woman in lavender blouse speaks from audience at Chocolate Milk screening

Chocolate Milk Photo Gallery

In August 2019, HealthConnect One partnered with UIC’s Center of Excellence in Maternal and Child Health and EverThrive Illinois during Black Breastfeeding Week. They hosted a film screening of CHOCOLATE MILK, a documentary on the racial divide in breastfeeding. HC One’s Tikvah Wadley, led a successful post-show discussion with the audience. Here are a few photos from the evening!

I am so much stronger than I have been led to believe image

Recuperando Tradiciones de Parto Latinas

–> In English <–

¡Hola! ¡Soy Cassie, madre mexicana y Doula de la ciudad de Chicago! Tengo un niño aventurero al que siempre mantengo cerquita de mí. Somos inseparables y nuestro vínculo floreció inmediatamente al nacer. Aquí les comparto un poco sobre nuestro recorrido juntos…

Soy tan determinada como mi chiquito, cuando decidí que quería tener un parto sin medicamentos, mi familia y amigos se sorprendieron.

Después de leer e investigar mucho, pensé: “Mi abuela tuvo 6 hijos, entonces yo podré con este único parto”. Consideré la fortaleza de las mujeres que vinieron antes de a mí y su fuerza. Pensé en otras madres a las que se les considera locas por querer un parto natural. Así que decidí rodearme de historias positivas de parto.

Primero, cambié a cuidados de Partería. Mientras tanto, las náuseas matutinas me estaban afectando horriblemente durante mucho tiempo. Decidí probar remedios naturales, como té y vitaminas. Alrededor del sexto mes me empecé a sentir más como si fuese yo misma. PERO ya era mi sexto mes de embarazo; tenía que ponerme al día en mi camino hacia un parto “natural”.

Tomé una clase de educación prenatal, encontré una Doula de partos y comencé a leer sobre técnicas de confort. Me atrajo la idea de moverme durante todo el trabajo de parto y vi videos de mamás bailando salsa durante las primeras etapas. Aunque mis movimientos de salsa nunca surgieron en el hospital, me reconfortó saber que no estaba sola en mis sueños de tener un parto natural.

El tiempo que invertí en prepararme para el parto fue un período que tomé para mí misma. Fue un tiempo que necesitaba para recuperar mi confianza, revisar recursos y examinar toda la información basada en evidencia que tenía a mi disposición. Este espacio de tiempo es absolutamente esencial para nosotros como familias Latinx que van a dar a luz.

Las nuevas mamás necesitan una comunidad de apoyo incondicional para reafirmar la fortaleza y la información que ya poseen. Yo he visto el poder que tiene un grupo de mujeres que atiende los miedos, las preocupaciones y las preguntas generales de una madre. Esto puede infundir confianza que guía a la madre a través de los momentos difíciles que acompañan la maternidad. Podemos y debemos preservar estas tradiciones culturales al estar física y emocionalmente presentes para nuestras hermanas. Nuestro apoyo prenatal, durante el parto y durante la “cuarentena” le da poder a la voz de la madre.

Al reflexionar sobre el pasado, como madre y Doula de parto, estoy orgullosa que me lancé al vacío y busqué la información que necesitaba. Reintegrar ciertas tradiciones—remedios naturales, apoyo prenatal y laboral de otras mujeres e incluso utilizar un rebozo para levantar mi vientre al final del embarazo, me permitió volverme a conectar con algo que yo deseaba pero que no podía describir: una fuerte conexión con mis raíces que habían estado allí todo el tiempo.

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Dónde encontrarme:
www.loveyourdoula.org  /  Facebook  /  Instagram

Healthy Families en Advocate Illinois Masonic (tel: 773.296.5943)
Chicago Latina Moms
Chicago Volunteer Doulas

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Ilustraciones de Cameron Light

Puede seguir a Cameron en Instagram @stellar.bear o en Facebook: Stellarbear. Para comprar cualquier trabajo, encargar una pieza nueva o para obtener más información sobre el nuevo conjunto de tarjetas de afirmaciones de Cameron (del cuál forma parte esta imagen), no dude en ponerse en contacto con Cameron a través de las redes sociales o por correo electrónico en enlightenedcam @ gmail. com.

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Nota del editor: Gracias a Cassie por compartir su historia como parte de Birth Equity Leadership Academy 2018 Serie del Mes de la Herencia Hispana/Latina, “Reclamando Nuestras Tradiciones Sobre La Lactancia y El Parto.”

Reclamando Nuestras Tradiciones Sobre La Lactancia y El Parto / Reclaiming our Traditions in Breastfeeding and Birth

Soy Mexicana y este es el mes de mi Patria / I am Mexican and this is the Month of my Country (Español & English)

~ Elva M Mireles


Ser una nueva mamá (En Español)

On Being a New Mom (In English)

~ Diana N. Derige, DrPH


Yoselin: Reclamando Nuestras Tradiciones Sobre La Lactancia y El Parto (En Español)

Yoselin: Reclaiming Latina Traditions in Breastfeeding and Birth (In English)

~ Yoselin


Lazos Latancia (En Español)

My Commitment to Breastfeeding (In English)

~ Cyndi Garcia

Mamita (En Español)

Mamita/Grandma (In English)

~ Señora Diomedes Rivera Santiago
Gracias por compartir como parte de nuestra Serie del Mes de la Herencia Hispana/Latina 2017, “Reclamando Nuestras Tradiciones Sobre La Lactancia y El Parto.”
Thank you for sharing as part of our 2017 Latino/Hispanic Heritage Month Series, “Reclaiming our Traditions on Breastfeeding and Birth.”


Disaster Relief and Support (In English)



–> In English <–
La Directora Asociada de Programas Wandy Hernández le pidió a su abuela que compartiera su historia como parte de nuestra Serie del Mes de la herencia latina / hispana 2017, “Reclamando nuestras tradiciones sobre la lactancia materna y el parto.”

Mi nombre es Diomedes Rivera Santiago Mamita (abuelita) Tengo 84 años. Ramón Quiñones Rivera Papito (abuelito) Mi esposo falleció el 27/02/2007 a la edad de 73 años.

Tuve 11 embarazos. 7 nacieron vivos y 4 pérdidas. Tengo 22 nietos y 28 bisnietos.

Soy de Peñuelas Puerto Rico.

A los 16 tuve mi primer bebé, no entendía lo que me estaba pasando así que fui al médico del pueblo porque sentía náuseas.

Hice lo que toda mujer puertorriqueña hace en nuestra aldea, que fue usar médicos de la aldea que estaban ahí y amamantar hasta que nuestro bebé esté listo. Amamante a mi hija menor hasta que tenía 5 años.

Amamantar a nuestros bebés es saludable, se enferman menos, los partos naturales son mejores para mamá y bebé.

Respetar nuestras tradiciones de la lactancia y del nacimiento es importante para mí porque, todo era natural eso era lo normal en nuestras tradiciones.

Yo era mi propio modelo. Es era lo normal, todos éramos iguales.

Con el fin de preservar nuestra lactancia materna y las tradiciones del nacimiento, necesitamos seguir modelando y educando a nuestr@s hij@s de nuestras auténticas tradiciones.

¿Qué es un área en la lactancia materna y/o las tradiciones de apoyo al nacimiento que usted encuentra alentador o poderoso?

Todo el pueblo era el apoyo de la parturienta, todas ayudaban con el cuidado de sus otros niñ@s, cocinaban, limpiaban, cuidaban el ganado y la agricultura.

Hoy en día las mujeres no se preocupan por la lactancia materna porque no quieren que su pecho les cuelgue. La leche materna es la más saludable para nuestros bebés porque no se enferman tanto.

El concejo que le darían a otra hermana y familia latinas acerca de nuestras tradiciones de parto y la lactancia materna, es que siempre debemos amamantar, es saludable para nuestros bebés, y que lo mejor es tener a nuestros bebés en casa con parteras.

Me gustaría compartir que en mi aldea me convertí en partera, curandera, fúnebre y también rezaba el rosario para los días de duelo (novenario).

Vine a los Estados Unidos para vivir una vida mejor con mi esposo y mis hijos sin saber el idioma.

Continúo modelando y manteniéndome fiel a mi cultura y lo más importante a mis tradiciones.

Además, creo que deberían ofrecerles a las mujeres la opción; el hospital debe tener espacio para hacer cosas de forma natural, dar a luz y amamantar. . . y esa es la forma de hacerlo.

Gracias a la Señora Rivera Santiago por compartir su historia como parte de nuestra Serie del Mes de la Herencia Hispana/Latina 2017, “Reclamando Nuestras Tradiciones Sobre La Lactancia y El Parto.”